Monday, January 31, 2011

About This Blog (Video Presentation)

video


This blog try to explain the different use and meanings of the two opposite adjectives smooth and rough. We analyse what they represent today (in music or movies, in idioms, advertisment, in the world) and their meaning in history (in art, literature or architecture, the name etimology...).
In this video we try to explain in a foreign language (Italian and Turkish) the different interpretation of smooth and rough. Have fun!

The blog is realized at the "Politecnico di Torino" during the course of "History of a Material Culture".

Saturday, January 29, 2011

Smooth/Rough in art

Gustave Caillebotte
The Floor Scrapers
1875
Oil on canvas
Paris, Musée D'Orsay


This painting is one of the first representations of urban proletariat. Whereas peasants (Gleaners by Millet) or country workers (Stone Breakers by Courbet) had often been shown, city workers had seldom been painted. Unlike Courbet or Millet, Caillebotte does not incorporate any social, moralising or political message in his work. His thorough documentary study (gestures, tools, accessories) justifies his position among the most accomplished realists.


Smooth/Rough in art

The Art of Matter
The Art of Matter is based on the use of several materials like ceramic, plaster, resin and many others that can give to the picture the third dimension. In the picture below we show to you some examples form the Italian artists Achille De Tommaso and Enrico Casmirri.


                                                                       Enrico Casmirri


                                                                     Enrico Casmirri
  

                                                                      Enrico Casmirri






Smooth/Rough in art

Joe Minter's African Village in America

The Rough Art
The term outsider art was coined by art critic Roger Cardinal in 1972 as an English synonym for art brut ("raw art" or "rough art"), a label created by French artist Jean Debuffet to describe art created outside the boundaries of official culture; Dubuffet focused particularly on art by insane-asylum inmates.
While Dubuffet's term is quite specific, the English term "outsider art" is often applied more broadly, to include certain self-taught or Naive Art makers who were never institutionalized. Typically, those labeled as outsider artists have little or no contact with the mainstream art world or art institutions. In many cases, their work is discovered only after their deaths. Often, outsider art illustrates extreme mental states, unconventional ideas, or elaborate fantasy worlds.
Outsider art has emerged as a successful art marketing category (an annual Outsider Art Fair has taken place in New York since 1992). The term is sometimes misapplied as a catch-all marketing label for art created by people outside the mainstream "art world", regardless of their circumstances or the content of their work.

Source: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Outsider_art

Friday, January 28, 2011

Smooth/Rough animals

Animal  skins can be good represantatives for smooth and rough surfaces.  While the fish in the picture above has a rough skin part , the dolphins have totally smooth skins.



Smooth/Rough animals

   The frog and the elephant skins can be compared as smooth or rough.